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HANSA 12-2020

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Schiffstechnik | Ship

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Re-defining »high performance« The recent expert conference HIPER 2020 redefined high performance, beyond propellers and hulls, to »everything«. With hypes fading and the Digital Twin paradigm maturing, many pseudo-Industry 4.0 »solutions« are being sniffed out thanks to the now broader horizon. A personal review by Nick Danese Despite social distancing in times of the Covid-19 pandemic, the conference organized by Volker Bertram and with HANSA as media partner saw rich discussion and great daily panels. HIPER 2020 was a truly rewarding experience and a light at the end of a tunnel: it showed that people are getting off bandwagons and pursuing pragmatic goals while maintaining a vision and that a number of our industry players have embraced or are moving towards Industry 4.0: HIghPERformance. Broadly speaking, a few major themes stood out. © Danese Artificial Intelligence (AI) Volker Bertram’s (HIPER organizer) realistic yet forward thinking »AI is a set of tools that may do jobs better or handle tasks we could not handle at all in the past . . . in its broadest sense, AI is concerned with the investigation and simulation of human intelligence with the ambition to replicate the processes in machines« set the pace. Powerful computers and smart programming by humans sort through Big Data in otherwise impossible ways. Machine Learning and Knowledge-Based Systems lead to the more advanced Natural Language and Gesture Processing. But despite its computational power, AI cannot predict the unpredictable, create, have ethics, develop desire. As Rodrigo Perez-Fernandez deftly puts it: »This is simply because AI cannot be a solution in itself«. His work concludes pragmatically that while AI will be required for success in the future its application in the marine industry is slow – possibly a blessing in disguise given the complexity of the task at hand. Future technology Confinement highlighted how far off the pace tools, methods and perception are in today’s digitally oriented world. Answers to on-line teaching challenges are only partial and Tracy Plowman discussed how gaming, virtual reality and social media concepts now apply to human interaction, not just technology. Refreshingly, Kohei Matsuo: »… strive to pursue a prospective maritime industry in the future … Rather than developing a deductive vision of the future as an extension of current social and technological trends, we focused on fundamental problems and ideal images … formulated a strategic hypothesis based on the attitude of the future image we wanted to create … implemented the strategic hypothesis and organized the technology to achieve it«. IMO tries to keep up, too, by establishing four degrees of ship autonomy in its strategic planning, an effort concurrently supported and hampered by industry progressing faster than regulatory bodies and insurers, thanks to technology being ever cheaper, available and powerful (Giampiero Soncini). Stephan Procee’s Platform Mounted Display aimed at identifying potential collision and evaluating evasive action is an example of what the future might hold. 50 HANSA – International Maritime Journal 12 | 2020

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Alexander Vannas Based on the visionary work of Alleantia founder Stefano Linari you have pioneered and today offer a truly open architecture vendor-agnostic Internet of Things plug & play solution, out of the box. Despite its Total Cost of Ownership, why is the Alleantia solution used by major industries yet still not widely adopted in the marine industry? Alexander Vannas: As is the case in many areas of the marine industry, there are a number of large companies which continue to pursue a monopolistic business model. Despite being anachronistic in every respect, what they provide continues to being seen as adequate, not to mention that their sheer size is interpreted as a guarantee of performance. This will take time to change. On the other hand, the true Industry 4.0 open architecture, end-to-end system integration paradigm is taking foot. This is recognised by world majors like HP, Bosch, Dell, Advantech, Cisco, etc. who equip their gateways with the Alleantia solution, but also by ship owners who are able to equip their fleets using their own resources at a fraction of the legacy cost. Such open architecture, end-to-end system integration being offered as a plug & play solution also provides unlimited freedom in replacing and adding equipment. © private Giampiero Soncini You are a successful businessman and an accomplished visionary. What is the most probable game changer that will strike the marine industry within three years? Giampiero Soncini: Unmanned or reduced crew shipping is barging to the forefront. Technology allowing unmanned ships has been around at least 30 years. Unmanned trains have been operating now for over 20 years. Cars are being tested for 4-5 years now. It is normal that ships will also be affected by this »movement«. The difference is that technology is much cheaper, much easier, much more powerful today. This leaves social trends, economic models, Class and Regulations desperate to catch up. © private HANSA – International Maritime Journal 12 | 2020 51

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