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HANSA 12-2017

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Schiffstechnik | Ship

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Source: JSTRA tion of shipbuilding sites will not only lead to mutual understanding between design departments and production sites, but may also lead to new ideas of »on-site design« or design incorporation to the production department which ultimately draw or determine the specifications in the manufacturing site and not in the design room. At present, 3D printing can only produce small parts and has limitation in strength and type of materials used. However, these issues should be fundamentally resolved soon and 3D printing is expected to spread rapidly also in shipbuilding. This will in turn advance the use of composite materials in ships. The ONR (Offce of Naval Research) of the US Navy published a report to explore the possibility of producing the whole ship using 3D printing. Already, it is possible to build houses based on 3D printing. Automation and robotics are also important, increasing productivity and quality. In the aerospace industry, automation of production is progressing by expanding the use of robots in the production line of large passenger aircraft. The same trend is likely for shipbuilding. Photo: HANSA ICT technology Computers are embedded everywhere around us, but we are often not aware of them (transparency of computer). One of the R&D directions in ICT is on the fusion of humans, things (ship, yard) and computers. The fusion of the real world (Physical System) and cyberspace (Cyber System) will combine the wealth of information from penetrated sensor networks in the real world with the powerful computing capability of cyberspace. Noteworthy in this movement is an effort to discover entirely new knowledge from the vast amount of information (Big Data). Management or policy initiatives are starting to get based on analysing correlations from Tera-bytes of data. We will be able to handle enormous amounts of data as never before, such as oceanographic data, marine data from ship operation, construction data from 82 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 12

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology shipyards and personal data (e.g. health monitoring) from the crews and workers. This might lead to perspectives on ship design, construction and operation. We can make quantitative and rational decision, going beyond traditional intuition and experience. Research looks into new ways of interacting with computers. New computer architectures mimic the human brain (neuro-synaptic computing). Future connection of the human brain and the computer may expand human capabilities; it may be possible to transmit one’s intention by downloading from the brain to a computer. Inversely, it may be possible to upload knowledge and skills. The craftsmanship of workers may be transmitted directly to the brain (such as neuro-feedback technique) rather than through instructing words or texts. Our notion of training through a tedious process of nurtured may become history. When this comes to happen, it will have a major impact to our society, especially to education and training schemes. In any case, ICT technology plays a key role for innovations in various fields. Advanced ICT skill will be required by our maritime workforce and this has implications also on education. Kohei Matsuo (M.) bekam den »Inspiring VisionaryAward« von HANSA-Autor Hans Payer und HIPER-Veranstalter Volker Bertram überreicht Photo: HANSA Transport and Logistics A variety of players in the retail and logistics industries are competing to build new infrastructure and business models. We see the emergence of large, highly automated logistics facilities with the ultimate goal to deliver products at customers’ specifications whenever and wherever they want it. It is inevitable that this trend will come to the field of shipping as well. Land-based and sea-based logistics will be tightly connected. Various technology start to emerge to make shipping more competitive, such as the use of drones, unmanned operation of ships and ports, new ship concepts (such as cargo ships with changing hold arrangement changes for each voyage), or optimizing operations and logistics based on Big Data analysis. In addition to optimized transportation, we may also see new business models such as adding value to the cargo while transporting it. IoT technology and Big Data analyses are already used for condition based maintenance schemes and performance monitoring of ships. In the future, we will see increasingly unmanned operation of ships. Environment and Energy Similar as for cars and planes, we will see shipping move towards low and eventually zero CO2 emission scenarios. The vision of a future zero emission ship (ZES) combines various energy-saving technologies and sources of renewable energy, such as wind and solar power, bio-fuels, tapping into wave and tidal energy. Hydrogen technology will play a key role, as hydrogen allows effcient storage of energy generated offshore, such as wave and wind energy, solar power or even artificial photosynthesis using offshore algae farming. In general, sustainable shipping will play an increasing role. As we need to protect and preserve the habitat environment of our oceans, management of biological resources and water in a sustainable way will result in the demand for a “Non-negative Effect Ship” (NES). Design and operation of ships will then be aligned with this ultimate goal. Survey on individual element technologies • 116 promising future ship technologies were grouped in 6 technical fields: • Materials • Design and construction of ships • Ship operation and maintenance • Transportation and logistics • Propulsion and engines • New ship types (Other technologies) For each element technology, time span of R&D and impact to maritime industry were estimated, leading to priority ratings for: • CFRP material • Self-healing material • Virtual ship laboratory • 3D printing (additive manufacturing) • Laser technology (cutting, welding, bending, etc.) • Autonomous or unmanned ship • Robotics (manufacturing robot, drone, nano robots, etc.) • Asset Visibility • Big Data analysis of logistics data • Superconducting technology • Hydrogen energy Author: Kohei Matsuo, National Maritime Research Institute, Tokyo/Japan, HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 12 83

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