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HANSA 10-2018

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Schiffstechnik | Ship

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Bridging the gap in peoples’ minds The Maritime Future Summit of HANSA and SMM asked what the future might look like. The event titled »Mind the gap – bridging disruptive technologies« showed that the industry’s progressive thinkers have partly unexpected, partly unanimous answers, reports Felix Selzer Encouraged by the response to the first Maritime Future Summit in 2016, Hamburg Messe & Congress (HMC) and HANSA organized the kick-off event to the SMM trade show once again. While the first-ever summit held in 2016 was about »smart everything – smart ships, »Shipping transports 90% of the world’s goods – imagine the global impact of change« Ulf Siwe, Sea Traffic Management, Swedish Maritime Administration smart ports, smart supply industries etc.«, as moderator Volker Bertram of World Maritime University put it, this new summit was much more about getting business models and business processes digitized or ready for digitization in the first place. About 150 delegates joined the conference, surpassing the number of guests two years ago. Hubert Hoffmann, CIO and CDO of MSC Germany kicked of the MFS with his keynote speech »New thinking in shipping – a liner company’s perspective«. The world’s second biggest container shipping company is looking into ways to increase efficiency by coming up with own approaches and solutions to digitization. The industry has always been lagging behind former industrial transformations »As the shipbuilding business environment gets tougher, Japan looks for new perspectives« Kohei Matsuo, Project Director R&D, NRMI of Japan »Conglomerates that can play anywhere but are experts nowhere will be on the loser side« Christian Roeloffs, Managing Director, Container xChange – when steam energy was used on land, ships had sails, when electricity powered factories and homes, shipping used steam engines etc. »With the container we are finally on the same level as the digitized outside world, using standardized units, just like bits and bytes,« Hoffmann said – an ideal starting point for digitization. »It’s not about hardware or software«, Mark O’Neil, CEO of ship management giant Columbia Marlow Holding said when speaking about »Digitization in fleet operations« from a ship manager’s perspective. »It’s about the intersection between technology, innovation and processes.« As O’Neil put it, digitization is a path rather than a finite process. For the ship manager, best practises are key: »Don’t digitize inefficient processes. If your business is inefficient, it will also be with the latest software.« Columbia Marlow has partnered with German airline Lufthansa to identify and establish best practises for digitization. In Hoffmann’s view, the gap that needs to be bridged lies in the utilization of assets. To achieve this, the processes have to be reviewed to be able to truly digitize them. »Mind the gap in your mind,« he said. The solution is not moving B2B processes to digital channels but in decoupling information sharing and business processes of partners (e.g. via cloud architecture). »Without that, even the autonomous vessel doesn’t really offer anything new.« Bridging the gap in the minds of many industry players is also the concern of Ulf Siwe from Swedish maritime administration. Siwe was promoting the Sea Traffic Management project that has already introduced a global standard for exchanging route information between vessels and ports to enable interoperability. A number of ships are already using it in a validation project. Next steps would be port collaboration and ship reporting. Siwe understands the concerns when it comes to sharing data and losing possible competitive advantages, concerns that have to be addressed in the development of information sharing schemes. Sharing information with authorities can significantly increase safety and efficiency, e.g. by importing pilot routes or ice information into a ship’s voyage plan. »Today, we can put all the players on the same level of knowledge.« Sharing data such as arrival times could lead to less fuel consumption, less emissions, improved safety with 70% fewer groundings and collisions. 48 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 155. Jahrgang – 2018 – Nr. 10

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Fotos: Meyer »We have to tell good data from bad and identify which data will be needed ten years from now« Nick Danese, CEO, NDAR Sea traffic management is a good example for an area where shipping seems to lag behind. Moreover, many industries also have interesting new solutions – that might not even have relevance for shipping, yet. But the National Maritime Research Institute of Japan (NMRI) has looked into 116 technologies inside and outside of shipping and what their impact on maritime could probably be by 2050. Kohei Matsuo presented the impressive Japanese »Technology Roadmap«, covering new materials, manufacturing and design methods as well as IT solutions, energy sources and logistics processes. He foresees composite materials as the new normal, while Augmented and Virtual Reality open up new perspectives in design and allow outsiders to provide valuable input. 3D printing is seen as a means to overcome place constraints in manufacturing of components. The boldest vision maybe is the »direct download to brain« of information by using human interfaces to bridge the gap between the real world and the digital world. Would this be a way to change mind-set through technology? Pierre Sames, Director of Maritime Technology at DNV GL looked into »Technical assurance 2030«, seeing Digital Twins of ships and other assets and Artificial Intelligence coming into broad use as computing power increases massively: 1000-fold every four years. Connected devices in the Internet of Things (IoT) such as sensors and mobile devices are predicted to quadruple in number by 2025. »This will allow to automate support processes, change the delivery mode of existing »With remote and autonomous ships, most traditional legislation is invalid Wu Sun, Deputy General Manager, China Classification Society services and ultimately enable entirely new services,« Sames said. But »who will pay for the Digital Twin?« he asked, as different players all hold pieces of the puzzle that they do not want to share. That is why DNV GL and partners have started an open simulation platform initiative to establish a safe eco-system. Connecting humans and sea assets Mikko Lepistö, Director of Software and Automation Operations at ABB promoted HANSA International Maritime Journal – 155. Jahrgang – 2018 – Nr. 10 49

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