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HANSA 08-2019

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Schiffstechnik | Ship

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology » Marine is an extremely diverse market and we are always looking at ways to enhance our presence throughout the sector. It seems clear that the regulatory ratchet on the question of decarbonisation will inevitably tighten. The real question is the form that this regulation takes. The right regulation needs to stimulate and support problem-solving, rather than stymying it. We believe in being prepared for a decarbonized future and, starting now, the next decade will be critical for making the necessary investment. On the fuels side, the development of new fuels is key. Biofuels, hydrogen, ammonia and synthetic fuels produced with renewable energy are the apparent options, while on the power side work needs to be done © Bureau Veritas »The right regulation needs to stimulate and support problem-solving, rather than stymying it.« Gisbert de Jong, Marine Marketing and Sales Director, Bureau Veritas on fuel cells and batteries. All these alternative fuels and propulsion solutions need to be considered and explored, which is why we are working with industry partners on ambitious pilot projects in order to develop the regulatory framework. Our colleagues at VeriFuel are working at a pan-industry level to share their expertise on such importance technical considerations as fuel compatibility. We are also very active in the LNG market. There have been increasing numbers of orders at shipyards for gas-fuelled vessels, bunkering vessels and investment in LNG bunkering infrastructure, which will encourage more owners to consider LNG for future projects. We have been proactive in developing notations for alternative fuels and in 2018, we had 60 LNG-fuelled vessels on order. In addition, we believe that LNG will be a significant element in a multi-pathway fuel future, with LNG playing an important role in the marine fuel mix, alongside other traditional fuel options and new alternative fuels. Whilst all ship owners need to be ›cyber safe‹ and ›cyber secure‹ in the face of growing cyber threats, what ship owners actually want from the digital revolution is ›cyber performance‹. These are the transformative cyber benefits that can unlock new levels of efficiency and performance for owners, whether « through remote condition-based maintenance and surveys, smart shipping, autonomous vessels, optimised fuel consumption and route planning solutions, 3D digital modelling to support asset management and much more. » As our mission is to help ensure safety and environmental protection, we proactively support the industry in overcoming these challenges through our verification methods and R&D, and we are ready to expand our portfolio in sectors where we can utilize our accumulated expertise. As for digitalization, we will strategically utilize our newly opened Digital Transformation Center to enhance survey activities and support the Internet of Ships – Open Platform (IoS-OP) initiative of our subsidiary known as ShipDC. A variety of research in areas including robots and analytic technology is also being conducted in line with our Midterm R&D Roadmap. Once these technologies are ready, we will apply them in our work. We believe our expertise and experience (for example with GHG emissions verification) as a verification body can be applied to other industries and we hope to expand our business portfolio to contribute on a larger scale. To meet IMO 2020 requirements, it is anticipated that compliant fuel oil will »We believe our expertise & experience can be applied to other industries.« ClassNK 50 HANSA International Maritime Journal 08 | 2019 include more low-sulphur blendstocks than ever before in addition to light distillates. We have already identified five properties of compliant fuel oil that should be taken into consideration with its use: Compatibility; low viscosity; cold flow properties; cat-fines; and ignition/combustion quality. As ships become more connected and automated, the boundaries separating OT and IT systems are becoming increasingly blurred and it is no longer possible to tackle one without tackling the other. This necessitates a response that balances physical, technical, and organizational mitigations. This has been distilled into the ClassNK Cyber Security Approach. ClassNK is now regularly adding to these foundations, most recently publishing its Cyber Security Management System for Ships. This guidance includes management measures to protect against cyber risks in not only the navigation stage, but also in the construction/design stage of ships through Security by Design. «

» ABS has undergone a transformation over the past two to three years to adjust the organisation’s size and resources. With that process completed by the move last year to our new headquarters in Houston, Texas, we are well-positioned and right-sized for new challenges that the industry poses. Our core class and safety mission will be supported in future by additional services and solutions driven by industry, chiefly in the areas of sustainability, safety and digitalisation, which we identify as the critical issues in the coming decades. From what we can observe, many clients still find value in workshops and webinars on regulation that is coming into force soon, such as BWM and IMO2020 which will require ongoing technical support – as well as subjects such as cyber security. One of the main focus areas for ABS is to ensure that the embrace of new digital technologies happens in a way that prioritises safety and manages emerging risks. We advocate for rules agreed under IMO auspices, that are global in nature and enforced on a level playing field. What the industry should grasp is that future regulation will be more goal-based and less prescriptive, giving multiple means to comply with defined targets. That will work, provided there is good alignment between the technology required, support for the human element and the necessary resources for enforcement. The changes post-2020 are really issues for owners and operators as procurement, training, handling and technical operations (for compliant fuel Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology »Future regulation will be more goal-based and less prescriptive, giving multiple means to comply with defined targets.« Vassilios Kroustallis, Vice President, ABS Europe and scrubbers) all have to be co-ordinated up and down the supply chain. For class, the technical advisory work and support will continue; we expect a steady stream of feedback on both compliant fuel and scrubber options. Entry into force will also probably mean that the IMO can turn its attention to the topic of how to combat emissions of Black Carbon, which is another significant challenge for the industry. The principle focus for ABS in cyber security is on Operational Technology – the ships machinery and systems rather than its IT network – and the threats that result from the interaction of people, machinery and communications systems. « © ABS Europe HANSA International Maritime Journal 08 | 2019 51

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