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HANSA 08-2019

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BV ABS LR CCS KR regard to the technologies of the pres- mation is in full swing – it’s about E-Certification, Process Optimization, Digital ABS LR BV CCS KR RINA KR Cla sNK BV ABS CS LR Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology A Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo RINA Cla sNK ABS BV CCS KR LR Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Stable class market – growth for CCS On the agenda of the classification societies there are familiar topics and new business areas. The nature of regulation does not meet with approval everywhere. Two players are gaining market share. The annual HANSA report Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Less M&A, more fine tuning for classes? With an eye on the major trends, the classification societies focus concrete projects, research and customer orientation. Bigger M & A upheavals are not high on the agenda. The annual HANSA report by Michael Meyer T he emphasis on customer orientation, rediscovered in the crisis years, is still considered an essential resource. Though many and profound changes are expected in shipping, this is not necessarily true for »own« competition. With tion and, above all, the recent climate decisions of the IMO, two major milestones have been passed. Even the much-cited digitization is less discussed as a phenomenon in itself. Rather, the transfor- Milestones and major changes for classes Cla sification societies and their global a sociation IACS l ok back at a bus year. However, the future brings more cha lenges as the industry s es rapid technological and regulatory changes the globa level, the IACS Chairmanship on 1 July ’17 was pa sed on from Sun Licheng, President of China Cla sification Society ( CS) to Knut Ørbeck-Nil sen, CEO Maritime, DNV GL. Reflecting on his year in office, Sun stated, »Co lectively, the IACS members have a complished a range of initiatives including signing an historic agr ement with the IMO, achieving fu l GBS (Goalbased Ship Constrution Standards for Bulk Ca riers and Oil Tankers) compliance, promoting work on cyber safety and i novative survey techniques.« As we l, IACS celebrated the 25 th a niversary of its Quality System Certification Scheme (QSCS). Actions have b en taken to update the cu rent documents and reco mendations in relation to a plication of new testing technology, such as non-destructive testing (NDT) and Remote Inspection Techniques (RIT), for example, drones, Remotely Operated Vehicles and climbers. Robert Ashdown, IAC Secretary General, puts an emphasis on the globa level as prefe red arena of regulation: »As the shi ping’s Top 8 in terms of number of ve sels 0 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 9 0 1 0 DNV GL regulatory regime continues to evolve and expand, IACS works [ .] to ensure tha the nece sary legislative framework is underpi ned and enhanced by cla s rules that low for its practical implementation.« »We firmly believe tha the global industry should be subjec to global regulation as developed by the IMO. When working with other stakeholders, IACS encourages the development of proposals that are global in scope and capable of uniform a plication,« Ashdown a ds. The cu rent »ho topic«, cyber safety, is also high on the a sociation’s agenda. Last year already, a new panel started work. »For IACS, cyber safety is now just as much a part of the fundamentals of maritime safety as the hu l or machinery systems,« it says in its a nual review. For the fo lowing section, HANSA has asked the top 8 cla sification societies and their executive representatives to provide statements on their busine ses, plans and expectations for the market and upcoming topics. M Top 8 in terms of gro s to nes (GT) 0 50 1 0 150 2 0 250 3 0 DNV GL ent and the near future, the classes rate Twins, Remote Control and much more. It is not surprising that the major classification societies are clearly feeling the effects of the current, sometimes very drastic, developments in ship operation. Their customers – the shipowners – have to deal with an abundance of new regulations. The most important example is the »Sulphur Cap«, which will come into force in January 2020. But also the big topic Cyber Security occupies the industry. This is confirmed by the top 8 classes of the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) in HANSA’s small questionnaire, as can be seen from the extracts of their statements on the following pages. The classes try to support their customers with advice and analysis and invest in research and development. Some are considering entering new fields of business, possibly even outside shipping. Some shipowners are still uncertain about how to deal with individual regulatory aspects in detail. It is therefore not surprising that some of the classification societies advocate an adjustment of regulation. With all due respect to socio-ecological challenges, a little more pragmatism and realism is suggested, especially as further regulation is expected. Meanwhile, very little has changed in the market shares of IACS members – with one exception, as current figures from Clarksons Research show. No actor has gained or lost tonnage in all fleet segments, and the willingness of shipowners to switch does not appear to be particularly pronounced. The top 4 still are DNV GL, ClassNK, ABS and Lloyd’s Register. The development of the China Classification Society (CCS) is noticeable. With the exception of the General Cargo market, the Chinese were able to grow in all Clarksons segments. This is also reflected in the market share, which has grown by LNG as the most advanced. In other segments, widespread implementation apparently still lacks marketability (batteries) and specific regulatory framework conditions (autonomous shipping). All this is clearly reflected in the statements made to HANSA. For our annual report, the most relevant classes share their views and name challenges as well as chances and concrete reservations. While a year ago the classes were still hearing a lot about »milestones« and »major changes«, today it seems that they are more concerned with relatively detailed tasks and concrete projects. There are many reasons for this: With the postponement of the Ballast Water Conven- DNV GL ClassNK RINA Top 8 in terms of number of vessels 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 54 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 155. Jahrgang – 2018 – Nr. 8 The same applies to the second dominant topic: alternative drive technologies. After years of, above all, a fundamental debate about meaning and nonsense, the number of concrete LNG projects is steadily increasing. The gas propulsion is the most advanced for »global« use. It is not surprising that the classes call for further options, e.g. batteries. However, according to a widespread opinion, work must continue on technology and regulation. Concrete, global and realistic requirements are important and necessary. Regulation also appears to be a major stumbling block for the industry to implement autonomous or at least remote-controlled projects. Last but not least, we asked stakeholders for their views on consolidating their Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo 58 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 8 own market. It becomes clear that most of the big classifications deal with growth, but in different ways – which may also be related to the different set-ups and the different embedding in state-official structures. »Internal« (within sector) acquisitions do not seem to be an option right now. Class societies rather want to continue to optimize their own portfolios, be it through intensified research or the takeover of, or cooperation with, external specialist providers within or outside of the »classic« maritime industry. one percentage point. The importance of Chinese shipyards and financiers – with gouvernmental support – in newbuilding projects is likely to play a role in this respect. According to Clarksons Research the CCS fleet saw the biggest growth: 8.9%. The Chinese were followed by Russia’s RMRS (7.7%), RINA (6.2%) and Bureau Veritas (3.2%). MM DNV GL ClassNK RINA Ausgabe HANSA 08-2017.indb 58 24.07.17 17: 0 Top 8 in terms of gross tonnes (GT) The last survey of 2017 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo The HANSA classification survey of 2018 Source: Clarksons/Hansa Source: Clarksons/HANSA Source: HANSA © HANSA Top 10: Number of Vessels Top 10: Million Gross Tonnes 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 DNV GL DNV GL ClassNK ClassNK BV ABS ABS LR LR CCS CCS BV RINA KR RMRS IR Class Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo KR RINA RMRS IR Class Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo © Clarksons Research/ HANSA 48 HANSA International Maritime Journal 08 | 2019

» The past few years have been demanding. Our focus on reducing costs and improving productivity remained very much in place, while we prioritized investments in digital processes and services. The main challenge, not only for DNV GL, is to adapt quickly enough to a rapidly changing future. Therefore, we will continue investing 5% of our revenue on R&D. Innovate yourself out of a crisis! In a world increasingly defined by speed and complexity, co-creation with customers and other stakeholders is vital to stay ahead of developments. We are now intensifying our collaborative efforts to enhance safety and efficiency of designs and operations. We also collaborate more broadly, connecting with academia, research institutions, regulatory authorities and other businesses through joint industry projects and digitally enabled ecosystems. To bolster our understanding and expertise in new technologies, we acquired a stake in the Singapore-based blockchain company VeChain. We launched My Story, a blockchain solution designed to enhance consumer trust in products and supply chains. Several other projects are underway to explore new business models in digital assurance. We neither favour nor oppose any regulation. As class, our role as a neutral third party is crucial. In general, more regulation is likely – be it regarding other types of emissions to air, noise and vibration etc. Societal expectations towards a more environmental friendly shipping are growing. However, in this context we should not forget that shipping is already the most efficient means of transportation. Managing the impact of environmental regulations now entering into force is one of the most challenging tasks for shipowners, while also keeping their vessels running in a highly competitive business environment. Needless to say, lifting their eyes from the day-to-day concerns and Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology »We should not forget that shipping is already the most efficient means of transportation.« Knut Ørbeck-Nilssen, CEO, DNV GL – Maritime trying to think strategically about what is going to happen in five- or ten-years’ time is challenging. Regarding the date 1 January 2020, we don’t really see a difference in our role and work before and after the entering into force of the sulphur cap. The whole industry and the big energy picture is transforming, thus the 1st January 2020 is just one step into a future that will be much different than today. We at DNV GL are addressing cyber security by offering several services. We can help to secure and improve the integrity of IT and control systems on board and on shore by identifying possible vulnerabilities, testing their robustness, and verifying that the implementation of new components and designs is safe. For this purpose, we employ a dedicated team of what are known as certified ethical hackers. « © DNV GL Maritime GD GEORG DUNCKER MARINE INSURANCE BROKERS HAMBURG Alter Wall 20-22 +49 40 376004 0 SINGAPORE 48A Amoy Street +65 6916 3760 MIAMI 78 SW 7TH Street, Suite 500 +1 786 577 4764 WWW.GEORG-DUNCKER.COM HANSA International Maritime Journal 08 | 2019 49

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