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HANSA 08-2017

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Schiffstechnik | Ship

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Milestones and major changes for classes Classification societies and their global association IACS look back at a busy year. However, the future brings more challenges as the industry sees rapid technological and regulatory changes At the global level, the IACS Chairmanship on 1 July ’17 was passed on from Sun Licheng, President of China Classification Society (CCS) to Knut Ørbeck-Nilssen, CEO Maritime, DNV GL. Reflecting on his year in offce, Sun stated, »Collectively, the IACS members have accomplished a range of initiatives including signing an historic agreement with the IMO, achieving full GBS (Goalbased Ship Constrution Standards for Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers) compliance, promoting work on cyber safety and innovative survey techniques.« As well, IACS celebrated the 25 th anniversary of its Quality System Certification Scheme (QSCS). Actions have been taken to update the current documents and recommendations in relation to application of new testing technology, such as non-destructive testing (NDT) and Remote Inspection Techniques (RIT), for example, drones, Remotely Operated Vehicles and climbers. Robert Ashdown, IACS Secretary General, puts an emphasis on the global level as preferred arena of regulation: »As the shipping’s regulatory regime continues to evolve and expand, IACS works [...] to ensure that the necessary legislative framework is underpinned and enhanced by class rules that allow for its practical implementation.« »We firmly believe that the global industry should be subject to global regulation as developed by the IMO. When working with other stakeholders, IACS encourages the development of proposals that are global in scope and capable of uniform application,« Ashdown adds. The current »hot topic«, cyber safety, is also high on the association’s agenda. Last year already, a new panel started work. »For IACS, cyber safety is now just as much a part of the fundamentals of maritime safety as the hull or machinery systems,« it says in its annual review. For the following section, HANSA has asked the top 8 classification societies and their executive representatives to provide statements on their businesses, plans and expectations for the market and upcoming topics. MM Top 8 in terms of number of vessels 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 Top 8 in terms of gross tonnes (GT) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 DNV GL DNV GL ClassNK ClassNK BV ABS ABS LR LR BV CCS RINA KR Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo CCS KR RINA Oil Tanker Bulker General Cargo Special Non-Cargo Source: Clarksons/HANSA 58 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 8

Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Photo: DNV GL Photo: ClassNK »We are working hard to assist the industry in moving towards a more sensor based classification« » Knut Ørbeck-Nilssen, CEO Maritime, DNV GL Over the past twelve months our surveyors have been carrying out many surveys using camera-equipped drones to check the condition of remote structural components on board ships and offshore units. DNV GL is currently building a network of trained drone pilots. At the same time, we are working on developing guidelines and potentially updating our rule set to reflect the use of remote inspection techniques. Our DATE service (direct access to technical experts) is being made more effective through machine learning algorithms which can deliver faster and more accurate responses. We are working hard to assist the industry in moving towards a more sensor based classification, with solutions focused on quality assurance in a digital value chain and with new insights based on data streams. We believe these 3rd party solutions will be necessary to realize the advantages digitalization may offer the shipping industry. Towards the end of the year, DNV GL will also start using intelligent software agents to help customers find the best time and place to book a survey. The introduction of the Simple Survey Booking tool will simplify survey booking, fitting inspections into the customers’ schedule while saving time and costs. It will offer up-front cost estimates. The next game changer is a combination of three trends. Ships are becoming more automated and are increasingly dependent on software-based control systems. Machinery systems are also increasingly being controlled by software and fitted with low-cost, smart sensors. Similarly, marine navigation systems will increasingly rely on advanced software and sensors. As these systems play more of a role in the design, construction and operation of vessels, we will need a way to test them before they hit the water and throughout the life cycle. This will require the use of digital twins. Finally, the rise of ships as cyber-physical systems and the use of digital twins put the spotlight on the need for trustworthy, integrated data platforms. Cybersecurity will be an area of increased importance, where global regulations will be more useful than regional initiatives. « DNV GL has no plans to participate in any further consolidations in the classification market. We believe that competence and innovative capabilities e.g. in the digital transformation will require robust classification societies going forward. Therefore, DNV GL would welcome more robust players. »IoT will be one of the biggest drivers behind change in the industry« » Junichiro Iida, Executive Vice President, ClassNK As we come into the age of the Internet of Things, we have focused a portion of our resources on developing the latest technologies and solutions to open up the advantages of IoT. At the forefront of these efforts is our flagship project, Ship Data Center. ShipDC operates a land-based center collecting data from ships in operation using VDR, data logger and other sources, as well as weather information at sea. Our objective is to create an open platform for big data related to shipping by securely collecting, storing and providing data to users. We established ClassNK Archive Center (NKAC) in July 2016 fully complying with IMO Goal-based ship construction standards (GBS). Very important for us is that we recently issued Statements of Compliance in line with the Hong Kong Convention (HKC) to promote the safer and greener ship recycling practice. In addition to this, ClassNK developed PrimeShip-GREEN/SRM, a solution which allows users to develop a ship-specific Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) identifying locations and quantities of hazardous substances as part of the proposed regulations of HKC. We have already developed and issued Exhaust Gas Cleaning System Ready Full notations to nine ships, signifying that the fulfilment of requirements for SOx scrubber retrofitting. ClassNK was one of the world’s first societies to receive accreditation from the UK-based national accreditation body UKAS as an EU MRV verifier. We have made tangible efforts in regards to the upcoming Ballast Water Management Convention, including the development of the 3D laser scanning technology. This offers shipowners the opportunity to assess how to fit BWMS on their ships quickly, using 3D laser scanning to accurately measure available space automatically. In addition, one of our most significant projects has been the new Guidelines for Liquefied Hydrogen (LH2) Carriers, issued in March 2017. From ClassNK’s point of view, the industry game-changers will be the platforms that make digitalization and big data practical and straightforward for the maritime sector. Essentially, IoT will be one of the biggest drivers behind change in the industry. ClassNK has opened new service offces in Nantes (France), Tehran (Iran), Izmir and Mersin (Turkey). We do not foresee any further consolidation of the market. « HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 8 59

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