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HANSA 07-2021

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Behördenschiffe · Abwasser-Behandlung · Big Data & Cyber Security · Car Carrier · IMO & Klimaschutz · Wasserstoff-Technologien · Deutsche Bulk-Reedereien · Piraterie & maritime Sicherheit

FINANZIERUNG | FINANCING

FINANZIERUNG | FINANCING Car carriers: large capacity ahead The global vehicle carrier fleet is dominated by the PCTC segment (Pure Car and Truck Carrier) accounting for more than two thirds of the fleet with 641 ships – four of these on order. The LCTC segment (Large Car and Truck Carrier) with a length of over 200 m, higher ramp and deck capacity, comprises 134 units including 13 on order. The smallest segment are the PCCs (Pure Car Carrier) with 20 ships (including two on order). Interestingly, the fleet value picture shows that the PCTC fleet at a value of 13 bn $ is still dominant, but the LCTCs at a total value of 6.6 bn $ take a larger part of the pie. The capacity development since the 1970s is trending upwards with more and more ships in the 3,500 to 8,000 CEU classes. Regarding the development since 2015 and ahead into 2025, 6,000 to 8,000 CEU vessel capacity seem to be the new normal in the market. The S&P market has not seen much activity over the past twelve months. Siem Car Carriers has been the biggest spender in this period, spending 80.4 mill. $ on one vessel. Doriko purchased two ships for 16,5 mill. $ in total. Top sellers over the period were Volkswagen with one vessel sold for 80.4 mill. $. Looking at the vehicle carrier demand and supply balance, one can observe an articulated Covid-19 effect with live vessel numbers falling in the second half of 2020 after a fall in cargo miles. Cargo mile (CEU/NM) picked up quickly and look set to reach pre-pandemic levels soon, while live vessel number remain suppressed. Top non-domestic trade routes by cargo miles over the past twelve months are USA to Japan with 2,139,325 CEU on 12.39 bn nautical miles, Japan to USA with 1,895,805 CEU at 11.89 bn nautical miles, South Korea to USA with 1,031,632 CEU at 7.19 bn nautical miles, USA to Germany with 1,301,775 CEU at 5.02 bn nautical miles and and Mexico to USA with 2,726,660 CEU at 4,24 bn nautical miles. 9.000 Vehicle Carrier Capacity Development 8.000 7.000 Capacity (CEU) 6.000 5.000 4.000 3.000 2.000 1.000 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 Build Year 810 Vehicle Carrier Demand & Supply Balance 40 805 35 Cargo Miles (CEU bn - NM) 800 795 790 785 780 Live Vessels Cargo Miles, bn CEU-NM 30 25 20 15 10 Number of Vessels 775 5 770 01.2018 03.2018 05.2018 07.2018 09.2018 11.2018 01.2019 03.2019 05.2019 07.2019 09.2019 11.2019 01.2020 03.2020 05.2020 07.2020 09.2020 11.2020 01.2021 03.2021 05.2021 0 20 HANSA – International Maritime Journal 07 | 2021

FINANZIERUNG | FINANCING Top Vehicle Carrier Buyers in the Past 12 Months Number of Vessels Total Spent USD m 3 Vehicle Carrier Fleet Number of Vessels Total Spent USD millions 2 1 Number of Vessels PCC 20 LCTC 134 ###COLUMNCONTENT### Siem Car Carriers Glovis Doriko Neptune Lines Shipping Spain Government 0 PCTC 641 Top Vehicle Carrier Sellers in the Past 12 Months Number of Vessels Total Spent USD m 3 Total Spent USD millions 2 1 Number of Vessels Vehicle Carrier Fleet Value USD millions PCC, 1 ###COLUMNCONTENT### Volkswagen NOCC Shoei Kisen Hoegh Autoliners Grupo Suardiaz 0 PCTC, .004 LCTC, .601 14 Top Non Domestic Vehicle Carrier Trade Routes 12 in cooperation with Cargo Miles (CEU bn - NM) 10 8 6 4 2 0 USA to Japan Japan to USA South Korea to USA USA to Germany Mexico to USA HANSA – International Maritime Journal 07 | 2021 21

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