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HANSA 04-2019

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Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Autonomous, but always crew on board Recently, shortsea operator Samskip revealed its role in the autonomous and hybrid project »Seashuttle«. HANSA reveals more details as well as open questions First and foremost, as this question persistently keeps coming up when it comes to such projects: Samskip and its partner do not plan to operate a ship without crew – at least for the moment. Autonomous, yes; unmanned, no. The size of crew has not been determined, yet, the operator states. No pilots will be used in the intended trading area as the ship officers will have pilot exemption licenses. Seashuttle partners include logistics consultant FlowChange, technology group Kongsberg Maritime, hydrogen integrator HYON and Massterly, a Kongsberg Maritime/Wilhelmsen venture. Europe’s largest multimodal operator has been named lead partner in the project, which is seeking to bring emissions-free, autonomous container ships to the market that also operate at a profit. Open questions remain In the first phase it is expected that crew on board will take sole responsibility for the ship’s control with a shore centre monitoring the operation. Later, subject to the development of the appropriate rules, shore operations are expected to take a control centre function for a part-time autonomous operation of the vessel. »However, there will always be crew on board, on ›stand-by‹«, Samskip emphasizes. Ship-to-shore crane loading and unloading operations are expected to be accomplished autonomously. The other question discussed equally often ist that of liability in cases of emergency resulting from technical problems or failures on board. It is left unanswered. Are Grathen, Managing Director of Samskip Norway already said: »Aspirations for sustainability are best encouraged by door-to-door services that provided cost-effective and scalable competition with truck-ferry options, feeding into a pan-European distribution network.« Automation of key shipboard activities would also bring cost savings, as exporters increasingly seek lower and even zero emissions transport solutions, but they need to be assured on reliability, frequency, efficiency and cost effectiveness. Questioned which key shipboard activities are planned to be automated, Samskip now confirms, that this has not yet been determined and is subject to evaluation within the R&D project. All shipboard activities such as navigation, manoeuvring and docking will be evaluated to investigate optimum levels of automation, including benefits of autonomous operations under manual supervision either from the bridge or from a remote shore control centre. »There is no reason why zero emission ships should not target the 2,000 truck loads passing through Norways ports every day« »IMO rules are not ready and the ship must comply with national rules. Special permits are expected to be introduced for Norwegian waters that will open the way to explore new opportunities«, it is said. Grathen adds: »Once operational, there is no reason why zero emissions ships should not target the 2,000 truck loads passing through Norwegian ports every day.« The vessels will have capacity for 170 x 45 ft containers, or 350 TEU. However, final details have to be determined after talks with customers about frequency and the intended trade. The newbuildings will draw on hydrogen fuel cells for their propulsion power. The propulsion will be achieved through a hybrid solution, with main engines running on MGO and/or LNG, supported by power from both batteries and hydrogen fuel cells. The objective is for zero emission fuel cells/batteries to contribute 20% of the power load in a typical round trip. Again: The final systems configuration will be developed within the R&D project. No main engine supplier has been chosen at this stage. Swedish fuel cell manufacturer PowerCell will participate through its joint venture interest in HYON. Final ports of call are yet to be determined as well, but it is already decided that the fuel cell technology will convert hydrogen into power for propulsion. The gas will be generated through electrolysis at a Norwegian port. For the moment, the project envisages zero emissions during 20% of a round trip between Poland and the Oslo Fjord – sufficient for all operations in Norwegian waters. That proportion of 20% emission-free time is supposed to grow as more stations supply hydrogen along the route. MM © Samskip 34 HANSA International Maritime Journal 04 | 2019

8. Zukunftskonferenz: Wind & Maritim 2019 Schiffstechnik | Ship Technology Die einzige Konferenz im Nordosten, die Windenergie mit maritimer Wirtschaft verbindet. + Branchenvertreter vom Start-Up bis zum Global Player + neue Themen zum Zukunftsfeld Power to X + nationale und internationale Teilnehmer Seien Sie dabei. Turning Power into Business. 8. + 9. Mai 2019 · Rostock · 11 Southampton United Kingdom Sponsored by: Co-located with: M&CCE Expo is open for business The Marine & Coastal Civil Engineering (M&CCE) Expo is Europe’s leading event dedicated to showcasing the latest equipment and solutions for marine, coastal and other challenging civil engineering projects with unique landscape features. Reach a larger audience than ever before M&CCE Expo will be co-located with Seawork, Europe’s largest on-water commercial marine and workboat exhibition, allowing for more opportunities to show your equipment, solutions and services to wider, relevant audiences. To talk through the possibilities and opportunities for your business at M&CCE Expo 2019, please contact Jim Batchelor or the events team. We look forward to meeting you there. For more information visit: contact: +44 1329 825335 or email: Organised by: HANSA International #MCCEExpo2019 Maritime Journal 04 | 2019 Media partners: 35

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