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HANSA 03-2022

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Arktische Schifffahrt| St. Lawrence · Future Fuels| Interview Denise Kurtulus / Rolls-Royce| HCOB-Schiffsfinanzierung| Jones-Act-Flotten| Methanol-Neubauten für Maersk| Marine Surveyors

SCHIFFSTECHNIK | SHIP

SCHIFFSTECHNIK | SHIP TECHNOLOGY Refitting your thruster? Is your vessel’s hull still perfect but the propulsion units show signs of failures, increased costs and maintenance? By refitting your thruster Veth Propulsion offers a solution in an appropriate, sufficient and sus tainable way without the costs of a new build. Oostzee Veth Propulsion congratulates the Münsterland with their refit. »Sustainable finance has to be inclusive« Martha Lamp Sandvik, SVP Ocean Industries at DNB While sustainable finance comes with larger reporting requirements, small and medium sized enterprises often do not have the administrative resources to report to a large number of partners they © DNB are working with on their transition to a greener operation. »It is important to maintain a balance between maintaining the integrity of a product and maintaining the data and reporting quality and at the same time making it accessible to companies of various sizes,« Sandvik said. She sees the Poseidon Principles’ rules, that a growing group of banks and shipping investors use to classify an investment as sustainable and green, as a »great example of prioritizing actions over perfect solutions«. »The Principles are dynamic and changing with the market. That is important and better than constantly searching for the perfect solution. It is about pushing from different angles so the industry moves in the right direction«, the banker stated. Andy Dacy, Global Head of Transportation at JP Morgan, also observed that it is becoming difficult to bring forward an investment project that does not include ESG aspects. However, he added that »the Poseidon Principles are »The industry is demanding top-down regulation to provide some guidance« Lynn Loo, CEO of Global Center for Maritime Decarbonization great, but the difference between being Poseidon-compliant and not so far has not really materialized in savings from a borrowing perspective.« Banks would have charge a lot more for a ship that does not meet the emission requirements and pass on those benefits to companies that do, he said. Bigger impact will come the chartering side, Dacy was convinced. »Charterers’ decisions for lower emission vessels will lead to the phasing out of older tonnage. From an economical perspective there are choices being made that will move us forward as an industry.« What would really push the industry efforts, in Dacy’s view, would be »the Amazons and Walmarts« participating in the decarbonization process of the shipping sector. Ship finance as driving force Nevertheless, today, more than half of ship finance can be traced back to Poseidon Principles signatory banks, raising the question if we will reach a point where green finance is as effective as regulation to incentivize decarbonization in the shipping industry. Sandvik stated: »The market cannot do it by itself. We need effective regulation to solve the underlying market failures and externalities and principle issues that come with climate change.« MSC’s Toft also thinks that it is critical that policy makers »catch up«. »The ball is in the court of the policy makers to rapidly provide a more robust global © MPA T +3178 615 22 66 28 HANSA – International Maritime Journal 03 | 2022 BY www.vethpropulsion.com/refits

SCHIFFSTECHNIK | SHIP TECHNOLOGY »It’s becoming difficult to bring forward investment projects that do not include ESG aspects« Andy Dacy, Global Head of Transportation at JP Morgan framework to incentivize this transition,« he said. »It seems a bit daunting, but there is no doubt that in the container shipping industry, as I observe it, we are fully committed to decarbonization. Public commitments have been made, sending a united signal to policy makers that we and our partners are in fact helping the transition to more sustainable way of facilitating international commerce,« Toft said. Lynn Loo, CEO of the Global Center for Maritime Decarbonization, also emphasized that the industry is demanding top-down regulation to provide some guidance. »With total cost of decarbonization for shipping estimated in the trillions we are currently making significant and very expensive capital decisions that will live for decades to come. This means that when we change the fuel source for a ship, it is a decision that is going to last maybe 25 or 30 years. We need a better understanding of what the future fuels will be and make sure that the additional cost will be passed on to the consumers,« said Toft. »The transition comes at a cost, we cannot neglect that. A cost, we all have to share.« © JP Morgan Today, green fuels are priced at around three to four times the cost of conventional fuel. As availability increases, the cost will come down, but they will very likely will be much more expensive than the fuels of today. Toft thinks that the fuel cost will likely double compared to today, adding »a few hundred dollars for each TEU carried«. Lynn Loo foresees a diverse future of marine fuel. »We will have to have a lot of different infrastructure in the ports in the future,« she said and also addressed the issue of different standards for new fuel types such as biofuels. »To justify premiums, fuel suppliers should provide transparency across the supply chain, so customers know what they are buying.« Sandvik sees availability of the future fuels as one of the biggest hurdles to decarbonization. »This will take a much longer time than getting the technology in place,« she said, adding that »we need industry signals being sent from those collaboration projects to fuel producers to incentivize the production of new fuels.« fs YOUR PROPULSION EXPERTS 1921 2021 STARKES ERBE. GROSSE ZUKUNFT. Mit der Erfindung des Ruderpropellers legt Josef Becker 1950 den Grundstein für die Entwicklung von SCHOTTEL zu einem der weltweit führenden Hersteller von Schiffsantriebssystemen. Jahrzehntelanges Know-how auf dem Gebiet der Propulsion kombiniert mit modernsten Technologien ermöglichen es SCHOTTEL, ein breites Portfolio innovativer und zukunftsweisender Produkte und Services anzubieten. www.schottel.de HANSA – International Maritime Journal 03 | 2022 29

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