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HANSA 03-2017

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Schifffahrt | Shipping

Schifffahrt | Shipping 2016 the group has ordered three 180,000 gt/5,000 pax vessels which will be operated with LNG as fuel. Further orders were published in January 2017 with the remark that the confirmation would follow soon. This relates perfectly to the results of the 2015/16 business year. The turnover of 16.4 bn $ is the best ever, as was the fourth quarter’s turnover. Regarding China, the optimism seems to dwindle a little bit. Carnival admits that sub-charters are offered to fill the available capacity. According to a contract with Shell, Aida and Costa will use LNG from 2019 onwards and the latest new orders are also planned to use LNG. Some highlights from Carnival: • Carnival Cruise Line will receive the next ships in 2018 and 2019, both of the 133,550 gt/4,000 pax »Vista« class. In 2020 the first 180,000 gt/5,200 pax giant will be delivered from Meyer Turku with an option for a sister vessel in 2022. • Costa Crociere has to wait until 2019 and 2021 to commission the 5,000 pax class while Costa Asia expects two 4,200 pax sisters. Costa uses a fourth German port in summer 2017 when »Costa Magica« offers about ten departures from Bremerhaven. • Aida Cruises has announced to stop the year-round trip from Hamburg in autumn 2017, citing passengers who want to see the new ship on other routes like the Canary Islands. Sister vessel »AIDAperla« will enter service in a few months. In 2019 and 2021 two 5,000 pax units will follow. • Holland America Cruises continues the »Konigsdam« class (99.000 gt/2,650 pax) by »Nieuw Amsterdam« in 2018 and a third sister in 2021. • Princess Cruises gets an own design of about 144,000 gt and 3,600 pax. Two of them are in service, the »Majestic Princess« follows this year and three more in 2019, 2020 and 2022. • P&O Cruises (UK) will participate in the flood of 5,000 pax newbuildings from 2020 onwards. • P&O Australia gets the »Dawn Princess« from Princess Cruises in June this year replacing the »Pacific Pearl« which was sold to Cruise & Maritime Voyages of the UK, to be renamed »Columbus«. The planned first newbuilding for the brand was recently switched over to Carnival Cruise Lines. Instead, the »Carnival Splendor« will go »Down Under«. • The smallest class has 600 beds and 40,000 gt. In early 2018 the »Seabourn Ovation« will follow the just delivered »Seabourn Encore«. • The 3,560-bed »Royal Princess« will be the first ship to test the »Ocean Medallion« of the Carnival group in late 2017. The medallion is a chip which the passenger will wear to enjoy a lot of services. A passenger who has booked a cruise has to fill in a questionnaire with personal data, preferences, hobbies etc. These are printed on the medallion together with the cabin number and sent to the passenger. On board the chip is scanned for faster check-in and can be used for booking a restaurant, room services, getting information about the board program or finding friends. RCCL reports higher profits than expected and a solid development. Surprisingly high is the growth in North America. As No. 2 in the ranking of operators the Royal Caribbean Group has about 31,000 beds on order. The order book consists of the 4 th and 5 th ships of the »Quantum«-class (Meyer), the 4 th and 5 th ships of the world record »Oasis«-class and four 2,900 pax ships of a new type for Celebrity Cruises (all STX France). Memorandums of understanding were signed for two units of a new class of 200,000 gt/5,000 bed vessels from Meyer Turku. In 2017 these two brands will not get a new ship, only the German joint venture TUI Cruises will accept »Mein Schiff 6« (2,500 beds). The »Legend of the seas« (1,800 pax) will soon be transferred to TUI’s Thomson Cruises as »Discovery 2« like the sister vessel last year. The French brand Croisieres de France is to be closed down and the two ships »Horizon« and »Zenith« integrated in the fleet of the Spanish affliate Pullmantur. The order book of Norwegian Cruise Line stretches only into 2019 comprising three more »Breakaway plus« class vessels for 4,200 pax. Unsurprisingly, rumours exist about negotiations for a new series of ships. Five NCL vessels will spend the summer of 2018 in Europe. Three will operate in the Mediterranean, one from Hamburg and the big »Norwegian Breakaway« from Rostock-Warnemünde. The new »Norwegian Bliss« goes to Alaska. The affliated upper market brands Oceania Cruises resp. Regent Seven Seas expects one 700 bed vessel in 2020. After the lengthening of the smallest class of Mediterranean Shipping Cruises (MSC) the 12-strong fleet has now a high average capacity. The latest new ship was built in 2013 but this year two new vessels will make their first trips. They represent the start of two new classes, the »Meraviglia«-class with 4,500 beds and the »Seaside«-class with 4,120 beds. Then the average capacity will be the highest of all operators. The »Seaside« is intended for Caribbean trips, winter and summer, while her sister, »Seaview«, will start in the western Mediterranean and spend the winter in Brazil. The »MSC Meraviglia« will be followed by the »MSC Bellisima« next year and two enlarged sisters. Moreover, MSC has signed letters of intent for four more vessels of 177,000 gt and nearly 5,000 beds. Their de- Ships and beds 1987–2017 600 500 400 300 200 Ships and Beds 1987 - 2017 100 0 Ships 1,000 lower beds Source: Arnulf Hader 42 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 3

Schifffahrt | Shipping Order book in 1,000 gt 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 gt Source: Hader January 2017 liveries would stretch into the year 2026, far beyond the planning of the competitors. The »MSC Meraviglia« will be based in the port of Hamburg in summer 2018. Constant expansion brought the TUI Group to rank 5 globally. By summer 2017, the TUI/RCCL joint venture TUI Cruises will operate six ships, two second hand ones and four new ones with 2,500 beds, named »Mein Schiff 1« to »Mein Schiff 6«. Two slightly larger ones will follow. When these are delivered »Mein Schiff 1« »Mein Schiff 2« will be transferred to the British TUI brand Thomson to replace two older ships chartered from the Louis Group. The traditional TUI brand Hapag Lloyd Cruises comprises »Europa« and »Europa 2«, the two luxury ships with the highest rating by Douglas Ward, and two luxury expedition ships. After a long planning time the expedition cruise department has finally got the go ahead for two 240 bed newbuildings by 2019. Thomson Cruises, the TUI brand in Great Britain, adds the »TUI Discovery 2« to the fleet this year by transfer from RCCL, increasing the fleet to six. Whether Quark Expeditions will stay part of the TUI Group is under discussion. Quark charters small ships from other owners for certain periods. Last year it was reported that the Malaysian Genting Group had acquired the Lloyd Werft in Bremerhaven for fitting out new ships for the own cruise brands. This story has now some more chapters: Genting also needed shipyards to provide the hulls for fitting out – and they found them. The Russian owner of three yards in Eastern Germany was willing to sell them because the offshore market and the trade embargo against Russia led to a lack of orders in his markets. So Genting also became owner of three shipyards with different facilities and capabilities and called the group MV Werften. The yard in Stralsund with a shiplift will be used to build the first four 135 m river cruise ships for Crystal River Cruises and the yard in Wismar will deliver the first unit of the 200,000 gt/5,000 bed »Global«-class to Star Cruises in 2020. Meanwhile, Meyer Werft of Papenburg has delivered »Genting Dream« (151,300 gt/3,360 pax) to the new Genting brand Dream Cruises. The sister vessel »World Dream« will follow late 2017. The first new seagoing vessel will be the 200 bed »Crystal Endeavour« for Crystal Yacht Expeditions in 2019 while Crystal Cruises has to wait for the 117,000 gt class for 1,000 pax until 2022. Series building of all these types will fill the capacities of all three shipyards. As result of an intensive study Crystal has dropped plans to modernise the famous US liner »United States«. It turned out to be prohibitively costly. The next company in the size ranking is Disney Cruises. They have only four ships with 8,500 beds but two more with 2,500 beds each are under construction in Papenburg for completion 2021 and 2023. The newcomer of the year is the Virgin group. Their intention to enter the cruise market is not new, but now three ship orders are confirmed. Fincantieri will deliver the 110,000 gt/2,800 pax vessels by 2020, 2021 and 2022. The name Virgin Voyages is intended to show a difference to »normal« cruise companies. As usual, only a few ships are on order for the smaller companies and these contracts date from previous years. Activity is currently high in the expedition market. Therefore, the ships on order and intended to order are listed here as well. Meanwhile, Clive Palmer, who announced to built a technically improved replica of the »Titanic«, has postponed his project. But another »Titanic« will be 50 45 Additions and deletions of capacity 1987–2020 Additions and deletions of capacity 1987 - 2020 40 35 1,000 Beds 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Source: ISL/Hader 2017 Net additions Withdrawn Newbuilding orders Expected scrapping HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 3 43

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