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HANSA 03-2017

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Schifffahrt | Shipping

Schifffahrt | Shipping The world cruise fleet is growing fast again, faster than ever before. While we noted the mark stones 300 ships / 500,000 beds / 20 mill. gt for 2016, the expected figures for 2017 are 311 ships / 525,000 beds / 20.9 mill. gt. The data of new cruise ships joining the world fleet in 2017 are known while withdrawals of older ships are currently negligible. The average size rises to 67,200 gt per ship. The fat line indicates that the total capacity of the vessels has always been rising during the last 20 years. Since the number of ships in service is growing slower, the average capacity is increasing. In 2002 the number of lower beds per ship was more than 1,000 for the first time. In 1986 when the Bremen-based Institute of Shipping Economics and Logistics (ISL) started to count the beds the average number was 638 now it is 1,685 lower beds per vessel. Until 2020, the order books already show more orders for cruise vessels than ever before in a such a short period. That will result in high net additions of capacity because the number of withdrawn ships is expected to be low for a few more years. Cruise ships have a life expectation of about 40 years and around 1980 not many were built. The high number of withdrawals 2001/02 was caused by some bankruptcies as a consequence of the 9/11 terror attacks and a high oil price; the scrapping activity in 2009/10 was due to new SOLAS requirements and the retirements from 2012 to 2014 correspond to the deliveries of the first modern cruise ships 40 years earlier. The year in which the tonnage was withdrawn means not always the year of scrapping but the last year in cruise service. Afterwards Classification market share cruise fleet and orderbook many ships are laid up or serve other duties. The Eastern Mediterranean Sea looses more and more attractive destinations. The war in Syria and the IS terrorism need no further explanations; calls at Ukrainian ports are sanctioned by the EU and the worries in Turkey result in cruise lines avoiding Istanbul and other Turkish ports. Now a Russian company announced to start cruises in the Black Sea in the 2017 season. The »Royal Iris« (ex »Azur«, 14,717 gt/1971) is said to be acquired by the Russian Ministry of Transport. China is still regarded as the market with the greatest potential, but the recent developments do not seem to satisfy the expectations. At least two companies have revised their plans to bring further ships to China: In 2015 Aida Cruises decided to base one vessel in Shanghai beginning in spring 2017. By autumn 2016 this plan was cancelled because the profits were higher in the western Mediterranean. MSC will use the »Splendida« in China in the summer of 2018 but the following winter she will be based in Dubai. Carnival replaces the CEO of Carnival Asia by Michael Thamm who first was the CEO of fast growing Aida Cruises and later brought the Costa brand back on track as CEO of Costa and Aida. A location of interest is Cuba. The Carnival Group started Cuba cruises under the socially conscious brand »Fathom« aboard the »Adonia«. Since bookings are not suffcient the vessel will return to P&O in 2017 and »fathom cruises« will be offered on several other ships. Pearl Cruises’ coastal vessel »Pearl Mist« is the second ship to make regular US–Cuba cruises. Between January and April, twelve trips start from Port Everglades to visit seven Cuban ports. Royal Caribbean Cruise Line (RCCL) and Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) also received approval by the Cuban Government to operate cruises to Cuba in December 2016. During 2017, NCL, Oceania, Regent Seven Seas and RCCL will offer single cruises to the new destination. The potential of the Indian market is nearly untapped mainly due to the lack of suitable ports and infrastructure. Most companies only make single calls at one or two ports when ships travel from Europe to Southeast Asia or v.v. Two exceptions are known: Costa’s »neoCLASSICA« offers a series of trips from Mumbai to the Maldives and the »Super Star Vigo« is chartered for eight cruises to Monarch Cruise of India. Operators For many years the »Big Three« operators had been much bigger than number four. Now the distance to MSC is not big anymore. The six top ranking companies comprise 206 of 311 ships (66,2%) and 465,000 beds of a total of 525,000 beds (88.6%). The smaller companies have the smaller and often older ships. Our figures show that the Carnival Group provides the largest fleet by number, tonnage and capacity. However, the Royal Caribbean Group has the largest ships by tonnage and MSC the largest average number of beds. The bed count is always regarding the lower beds only. With about 20 ships on order – excluding the Chinese joint venture – with delivery dates between 2017 and 2022, Carnival will keep the leading position for many more . During the fourth quarter of 3 % Others 39.5 % DNV GL 36% Lloyd’s Register 13% RINA 8.5% Bureau Veritas Source: DNV GL 40 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 3

Schifffahrt | Shipping As the epicenter of the cruise industry, Seatrade Cruise Global features exhibitors and attendees from around the world, representing every aspect of cruising, including Ship Equipment and Information Technology. In 2017 the conference program is fi lled with innovative and eye opening sessions—highlights consist of Operational Information Management & Big Data, Innovation in Environmental Stewardship, and a dedicated Safety and Security Symposium. This event brings together the cruise industry! Register Now! Visit www.seatradecruiseglobal.com SAVE 10% on all pass types— use promo code HANSA10 Offer ends 12 March! 13–16 March 2017 | Expo:14–16 March 2017 Fort Lauderdale/Broward County Convention Center Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA #STCGlobal • For more information call us at +1 212-600-3260 HANSA International Maritime Journal – 154. Jahrgang – 2017 – Nr. 3 41

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