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HANSA 02-2021

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Kooperation HANSA & MRP · DNV GL · Hafen Hamburg · Port Hub · MPP-Marktbericht · 3D-Druck in der Schifffahrt · Interview IMO-Chef Lim · Maritime Future Summit · SMM Digital 2021

Smart & Digital Jilin

Smart & Digital Jilin Ma, China Classification Society zation fit into the heavy industry sector? »From Iron Age to Digital Age – A.I. from ship design to production« is the title of the presentation held by Rodrigo Pérez Fernández from Spanish ship designer Sener. The presentation by Annie Bekker, Professor at South Africa’s Stellenbosch University, is also related to shipbuilding and ship design. We are curious to see what food for thought she has in store for the industry in »Artificial Intelligence or Human Intelligence – where should you place your bets?« Is past future now reality? © CCS Nick Danese, CEO of NDAR, had already spoken on this topic at the Maritime Future Summit 2018. He had called on the shipbuilding industry to wake up and share information to realize the full potential of swarm intelligence. »To be effective, efficient and productive, people need to know what they’re doing,« Danese said. »Things will change when everyone can take ownership and request the data they need to do their jobs.« That, he said, is the key to ensuring that today’s investments are still right ten years later. Perhaps AI will soon be deciding on the optimal flow of data for greater efficiency? As always, it is worth taking a look back at the tenor of the debates at the last Maritime Future Summit before the SMM starts. »Mind the gap – bridging disruptive technologies« was the title of the summit back then. Is what was the future two years ago now reality? At what pace is the industry changing? While 2021 is about Artificial Intelligence, in the fall of 2018 the focus was still on human intelligence: how processes can be digitized and in such a way that this also results in real efficiency gains, new opportunities and business models. »The solution is not to shift B2B processes to digital channels, but to decouple information exchange and business processes from business partners, e.g., via a cloud architecture. Without that, even the autonomous ship offers nothing new,« Hubert Hoffmann, CIO and CDO, MSC Germany, summed it up. Tom H. Evensen, Jotun © Jotun Rodrigo Pérez Fernández, Sener © Sener Christian Roeloffs, CEO of the startup xChange, predicted business collaboration via central platforms, cloud solutions or blockchain as the defining elements of the future in maritime businesses. The way forward, he said, must be specialization, focusing on core competencies and moving away from peripheral business areas. »On the losing side, there will be conglomerates that can play in all fields but are not experts anywhere,« Roeloffs said at the time. For Mark O’Neil, CEO of Columbia Marlow Holding, it was about the intersection of technology, innovation and processes: »Because time is of the essence, making the right move at the wrong time is better than making the wrong move. Nothing is more disruptive than implementing the wrong IT solution.« Artificial intelligence won’t take it away from humans to think up smart solutions in the digitization process. But it can be part of the solutions. Thus, MFS presenter Volker Bertram noted already in 2019 in an article for HANSA: »Don’t expect AI to be intelligent in the human sense, to have a smart idea for once, or even to have common sense. AI is a (technical) idiot, but a useful one. We’d be stupid not to take advantage of that or use AI where it makes sense.« And where that may be will surely be shown by the Maritime Future Summit panel. fs Annie Bekker, Stellenbosch University © Stellenbosch University 28 HANSA – International Maritime Journal 02 | 2021

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